نویسنده : علی نصاری - ساعت ٥:٥٢ ‎ب.ظ روز ۱۳٩۱/۳/۱٢
 

Bridal Song

ROSES, their sharp spines being gone,
Not royal in their smells alone,
But in their hue;
Maiden pinks, of odour faint,
Daisies smell-less, yet most quaint,
And sweet thyme true;

Primrose, firstborn child of Ver;
Merry springtime's harbinger,
With her bells dim;
Oxlips in their cradles growing,
Marigolds on death-beds blowing,
Larks'-heels trim;

All dear Nature's children sweet
Lie 'fore bride and bridegroom's feet,
Blessing their sense!
Not an angel of the air,
Bird melodious or bird fair,
Be absent hence!

The crow, the slanderous cuckoo, nor
The boding raven, nor chough hoar,
Nor chattering pye,
May on our bride-house perch or sing,
Or with them any discord bring,
But from it fly!

William Shakespeare

WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE

 


William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 - 23 April 1616)
an English poet and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the
English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called
England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon". His surviving works,
including some collaborations, consist of about 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two
long narrative poems, and several other poems. His plays have been
translated into every major living language and are performed more often
than those of any other playwright.

Shakespeare was born and raised in Stratford-upon-Avon. At the age of 18,
he married Anne Hathaway, with whom he had three children: Susanna, and
twins Hamnet and Judith. Between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful
career in London as an actor, writer, and part owner of a playing company
called the Lord Chamberlain's Men, later known as the King's Men. He
appears to have retired to Stratford around 1613 at age 49, where he died
three years later. Few records of Shakespeare's private life survive, and
there has been considerable speculation about such matters as his physical
appearance, sexuality, religious beliefs, and whether the works attributed to
him were written by others.

Shakespeare produced most of his known work between 1589 and 1613. His
early plays were mainly comedies and histories, genres he raised to the peak
of sophistication and artistry by the end of the 16th century. He then wrote
mainly tragedies until about 1608, including Hamlet, King Lear, Othello, and
Macbeth, considered some of the finest works in the English language. In his
last phase, he wrote tragicomedies, also known as romances, and
collaborated with other playwrights.

Many of his plays were published in editions of varying quality and accuracy
during his lifetime. In 1623, two of his former theatrical colleagues published
the First Folio, a collected edition of his dramatic works that included all but
two of the plays now recognised as Shakespeare's.

Shakespeare was a respected poet and playwright in his own day, but his
reputation did not rise to its present heights until the 19th century. The
Romantics, in particular, acclaimed Shakespeare's genius, and the Victorians
worshipped Shakespeare with a reverence that George Bernard Shaw called
"bardolatry". In the 20th century, his work was repeatedly adopted and
rediscovered by new movements in scholarship and performance. His plays
remain highly popular today and are constantly studied, performed and
reinterpreted in diverse cultural and political contexts throughout the world.